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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.4

Microhabitat Utilization of Anuran Species in Shanghai Country Parks
Author of the article:HUANG Kai1, MU Zhiqiang1, YUE Qu1, YU Feng1, YUAN Xiao2, BO Shunqi2, WANG Zhenghuan1,3*
Author's Workplace:1. School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
2. Shanghai Wildlife Conservation Management Station, Shanghai 200023, China;
3. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
Key Words:country park; anuran; microhabitat; redundancy analysis; species conservation
Abstract:Amphibian is an important indicator to measure the biodiversity and ecological quality of an urban ecosystem. Country parks are important habitats of amphibian in the urban ecosystem. The microhabitat utilization of 5 anuran species was studied in 6 country parks of Shanghai city. Line-transect surveys of the abundance of each anuran species were conducted between May to September, 2015. Data of 15 microhabitat variables were collected in 4 evenly sets of 6 m×3 m rectangular quadrats centered on the interface between water and land of each line transect. The principal component analysis and redundancy analysis were used to investigate the microhabitat utilization of each anuran species, and the χ2 fitness test was used to analyze the interspecific overlaps of different anuran species among line transects. The results showed that the dominance of the 5 anuran species from high to low were Fejervarya multistriata, Pelophylax plancyi, Bufo gargarizans, Microhyla fissipes, and P. nigromaculatus. We found that well managed water bodies with proper aquatic vegetation communities were pivotal to the survival and reproduction of all the 5 anuran species. Meanwhile, water body edges with gentle slope were important for the translocation of anuran species between land and water. Compared with aquatic vegetation, the importance of land vegetation is the secondary, though positively correlated with the distribution of P. nigromaculatus and P. plancyi. Openness of water bodies had different influence on the distribution of the anuran species. Microhyla fissipes, a species typically distributed in small, clean, shallow waters, was found to have the smallest distribution and this is coincident with the fact that most of water bodies in the 6 country parks are open. We suggest that the microhabitats of each anuran species should be thoroughly studied and integrated into the design of city parks to enhance their functions as suitable habitats for anuran species in heavily urbanized ecosystem.
2018,37(4): 426-434 收稿日期:2017-05-08
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170148
分类号:Q959.5;Q958
基金项目:上海市绿化和市容管理局专项基金项目;上海市野生动植物保护管理站专项基金项目;国家自然科学基金项目(31470488)
作者简介:黄凯(1992-),男,硕士,主要从事动物生态学的研究
*通讯作者:王正寰,E-mail:zhwang@bio.ecnu.edu.cn
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