Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.4

Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on the Development of Immature Stages of Danaus genutia
Author of the article:CHEN Zhen1, ZHOU Chengli2*, CHEN Xiaoming2, SHI Lei2
Author's Workplace:1. School of Chemical Biology and Environment, Yuxi Normal Universtiy, Yuxi, Yunnan Province 653100, China;
2. Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China
Key Words:Danaus genutia; developmental duration; developmental threshold temperatures; effective accumulated temperatures; artificial breeding
Abstract:To investigate the effects of temperature and photoperiod on the development of immature stages of the common tiger butterfly (Danaus genutia), which was collected from Yuanjiang county, Yunnan province. The life-cycle stages and developmental durations of each stage of D.genutia were observed by individually rearing eggs, larvae and pupae under different temperatures and photoperiods in climatic chambers. Developmental threshold temperatures (C) and effective accumulated temperatures (K) of eggs, larvae and pupae were measured. In long-day treatment (LD=15:9) and at different temperatures (17.5℃, 20.0℃, 22.5℃, 25.0℃, 27.5℃, 30.0℃), the durations of egg stage were 9.29 days, 4.90 days, 4.91 days, 3.97 days, 3.54 days, and 3.20 days, respectively; The durations of larva stage were 38.04 days, 17.89 days, 17.13 days, 10.82 days, 9.92 days, and 10.20 days, respectively; The durations of pupa stage were 22.71 days, 13.72 days, 12.00 days, 7.73 days, 7.46 days, and 6.80 days, respectively. In short-day treatment (LD=9:15) and at different temperatures (17.5℃, 20.0℃, 25.0℃, 30.0℃), the durations of egg stage were 9.04 days, 8.20 days, 4.11 days, and 3.04 days, respectively; The durations of larva stage were 30.08 days, 18.54 days, 13.29 days, and 9.54 days, respectively; The durations of pupa stage were 21.19 days, 13.40 days, 9.64 days, and 6.38 days, respectively. The results showed that in terms of T=C+KV, C and K of eggs, larvae and pupae were determined as follows:Tegg=11.10+55.15V, Tlarva=14.06+131.62V, and Tpupa=13.46+98.95V. These results suggested that temperature has more significant influence on the growth and development of immature stages of D. genutia compared with photoperiods, and thus temperature is a key factor in determining the developmental velocity of immature stages of D. genutia. In contrast, no significant differences were observed in the developmental duration of immature stages of the butterfly between the long-day treatment (LD=15:9) and the short-day treatment (LD=9:15). We suggest that the appropriate rearing temperatures of immature stages of D. genutia should be controlled in the range of 20.0-27.5℃. Furthermore, natural light can satisfy the needs of the development of immature stages of the butterfly.
2018,37(4): 420-425 收稿日期:2017-11-28
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170379
分类号:Q969
基金项目:中国林业科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金项目(CAFYBB2017MB215)
作者简介:陈祯(1983-),男,博士,主要从事昆虫生态学、资源昆虫以及害虫综合治理研究,E-mail:cz@yxnu.net
*通讯作者:石雷,E-mail:buttzhou@163.com
参考文献:
陈晓鸣, 周成理, 史军义, 等. 2008. 中国观赏蝴蝶[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社:207-209.
陈祯, 曹永, 周元清, 等. 2017. 虎斑蝶实验种群生物学特征研究[J]. 应用昆虫学报, 54(2):279-291.
陈祯. 2010. 虎斑蝶生理生态学研究[D]. 昆明:西南林业大学.
吕龙石, 金大勇, 朴锦. 2004. 温度和光周期对麝凤蝶生长发育的影响[J]. 昆虫知识, 41(6):572-574.
易传辉, 陈晓鸣, 史军义, 等. 2007. 光周期和温度对美凤蝶幼虫发育历期的影响[J]. 林业科学研究, 20(4):547-550.
易传辉, 陈晓鸣, 史军义, 等. 2009. 光周期对柑橘凤蝶幼虫生长发育及存活的影响[J]. 西北农业学报, 18(1):162-164, 169.
张孝羲. 2011. 昆虫生态及预测预报(第三版)[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社:35-36.
周尧. 1998. 中国蝶类志(修订版)[M]. 郑州:河南科学技术出版社:382-383.
Atluri JB, Rayalu MB, Deepika DS. 2010. Life history and larval performance of the common tiger butterfly, Danaus genutia Cramer (Lepidoptera; Rhopalocera; Danaidae)[J]. The Bioscan, 5(3):511-515.
Bhuyan M, Kataki D, Deka M, et al. 1999. Nectar host plant selection and floral probing by the India butterfly Danaus genutia (Nympahlidae)[J]. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 38(1):79-84.
Goehring L, Oberhauser KS. 2002. Effects of photoperiod, temperature, and host plant age on induction of reproductive diapause and development time in Danaus plexippus[J]. Ecological Entomology, 27(6):674-685.
Igarashi S, Fukuda H. 2000. The life histories of Asian butterflies[M]. Tokyo:Tokai University Press:244-245.
Malcolm SB, Cockrell BJ, Brower LP. 1987. Monarch butterflyvoltinism:effects of temperature constraints at different latitudes[J]. Oikos, 49:77-82.
Meyer CE. 1995. Notes on the life history of Danaus genutia alexis (Waterhouse and Lyell)(Lepidoptera:Nymphalidae)[J]. Australian Entomologist, 22(4):137-139.
Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, et al. 2001. Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of the Oriental Region[M]. London:The Natural History Museum.
Yoshio M, Ishii M. 2004. Photoperiod effects on pupal development in two tropical Papilio butterflies (Lepidopera, Papilionidae)[J]. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan, 55(4):275-279.
CopyRight©2018 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology