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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.4

Study on the Migration Routes of Overwintering Cygnus columbianus in Dongting Lake Based on Satellite Tracking
Author of the article:HUANG Tian1,2, XU Zhenggang2,3, PENG Jiao4, ZHAO Yunlin3*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China;
2. College of Information and Electronic Engineering, Hunan City University, Yiyang, Hunan Province 413002, China;
3. College of Life Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, China;
4. Hunan Engineering Research Center for Internet of Animals, Changsha 410205, China
Key Words:Cygnus columbianus; migration route; stopover; satellite tracking
Abstract:Conservation of Cygnus columbianus and restoration of their habitats depend on the knowledge of migration routes, stopover sites, and overwintering patterns. During 2014 to 2017, satellite tracking was carried out on 18 C. columbianus individuals in the Dongting Lake and 38 882 positioning data points were collected. The central and eastern migration routes of C. columbianus were confirmed and a newly western route was discovered in this study. The new route passes through Hubei, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia in China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan to reach the arctic tundra near the Kara Sea in the north of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug in Siberia, Russia. On the western route, the birds traveled 6 715 km at 21.52 km·h-1 during spring migration and 7 467 km at 32.75 km·h-1 during autumn migration. On the central route, they traveled 2 083 km at an average speed of 28.93 km·h-1 during spring migration. On the eastern route, they traveled 5 965~6 351 km at an average speed of (28.71 ±0.95) km·h-1 during spring migration and 5 101~5 331 km at an average speed of (29.15±3.65) km·h-1 during autumn migration. The speed of migration during spring is slower than that during autumn, and the maximum speed is 133.3 km·h-1. The Yellow River wetland and the river valley wetlands on both sides of the Greater Khingan Mountains in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China are important transit stations during migration, and the birds rest there for more than 15 days. This study increases the knowledge of habitat perference and migration routes of C. columbianus, and provides useful data for understanding the transmission of diseases such as avian flu.
2018,37(4): 361-372 收稿日期:2018-03-23
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