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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.3

Nests Characteristics and Nest-site Selection of Ardea cinerea in Xinxiang Yellow River Wetland Birds National Nature Reserve, Henan
Author of the article:ZHAO Shanshan, CHU Yifan, JIANG Xiaoyu, YU Fei, JIN Tongxia, MA Jianmin*
Author's Workplace:College of Life Sciences, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang, Henan Province 453007, China
Key Words:Ardea cinerea; nest characteristics; nest-site selection; Xinxiang Yellow River Wetland Birds National Nature Reserve, Henan
Abstract:Xinxiang Yellow River Wetland Birds National Nature Reserve is the only route of the midline for the migratory birds in China, and there are many kinds of birds in the wetland. At present, the interference/disturbing of human being in this wetland are becoming much more serious, and the habitat and reproduction of birds have been affected. Grey heron (Ardea cinerea) is a crucial representative wader in Xinxiang Yellow River Wetland, and its breeding activity is closely related to the surrounding environment of its habitat. During May to August in 2017, to get the main factors that interfere with the breeding of birds, and to effectively manage the nature reserve and maintain the diversity of birds, the nest characteristics and ecological factors of nest site area and control area of A. cinerea breeding area of Chenqiao East Lake in the reserve were investigated by GPS positioning and quadrat survey. The results showed that A. cinerea especially prefered to nest in Phragmites australis. The nest type was ground-nest. The main material for nesting was reed. The nest was shallow dish-shaped and face upward. The inner diameter, outer diameter, height, and depth of the nest were (39.00±3.28) cm, (79.10±15.39) cm, (31.00±19.80) cm, and (5.00±1.43) cm, respectively. Comparison of ecological factors between the nest site area and control area showed that the density, coverage, height of vegetation in the nest site area were significantly lower than that of control area (P<0.05). Additionally, water depth and the distance from human infrequent and frequent activity were significantly higher than those in control (P<0.05). The factors limiting the nest-site selection of A. cinerea were investigated using binomial logistic regression based on Akaike's Information Criterion. The results showed that vegetative state and interference factor were the key factors restricting the heron nest-site selection. It was concluded that expanding the area of aquatic vegetation and water, blocking the roads through the wetland, and injecting water regularly are necessary to improve the A. cinerea habitat protect the bird diversity, and deal with the relationship between wetland protection and tourism development.
2018,37(3): 317-323 收稿日期:2017-10-20
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170323
分类号:Q958.1;Q16
基金项目:新乡黄河湿地鸟类饵料调查项目(新乡黄河湿地鸟类国家级自然保护区管理处)
作者简介:赵闪闪(1992-),男,硕士研究生,污染与修复生态方向,E-mail:772714436@qq.com
*通讯作者:马剑敏,E-mail:mjm6495@sina.com
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