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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.3

Seasonal Diet Analysis of Naemorhedus griseus in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:TANG Shupei1, JIANG Xiuli2, WANG Xiaoling2, HONG Meijing2, MENGHE Dalai2, CHEN Chen1, HAN Yingying1, BAO Weidong1*
Author's Workplace:1. College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
2. Saihanwula National Nature Reserve Administration, Daban, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region 025150, China
Key Words:Naemorhedus griseus; feeding habits; fecal microscopic analysis; seasonal variation; adaptability; Saihanwula National Nature Reserve
Abstract:Food is one of the key factors affecting wildlife survival. Food habits study helps us to understand the important relationship between wildlife and their living environment, and can also be used to evaluate the quality of the animals' living conditions and their habitats. The seasonal diet variation of the Chinese goral (Naemorhedus griseus) was studied through microscopic analysis of the fecal contents in Saihanwula National Nature Reserve. The results showed that 31 plant species belonging to 27 genera and 16 families were foraged by N. griseus in the whole year. The composition of plant species was extremely significant different from other 3 seasons, which was extreme significantly lower during winter (χ2=28.865, P<0.001). The proportion of arborous plants in goral's diet were the lowest in all seasons, and the species of arborous plants in winter was the least with only 1 species. Additionally, the proportion of forbs had extremely significant seasonal changes (χ2=17.213, P<0.001), which was consumed less in winter than in other seasons. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index and food niche width from high to low were summer, autumn, spring and winter, while Pielou's evenness index in order (from high to low) were summer, autumn, winter and spring. The results showed that the feeding habits of N. griseus had certain adaptability to the seasonal changes of vegetation, and could be affected by an integrative factor of plants richness, arable parts, seasonal activities and energy budget of the animal.
2018,37(3): 311-316 收稿日期:2017-11-24
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170375
分类号:Q959.8
基金项目:国家林业局野生动物保护救护繁育项目
作者简介:唐书培,男,硕士研究生,研究方向为动物行为生态学,E-mail:tangshupei@outlook.com
*通讯作者:鲍伟东,E-mail:wdbao@bjfu.edu.cn
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