Latest Cover

Online Office

Contact Us

Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
Tel:+86-28-85410485
Fax:+86-28-85410485
Email:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2018 Vol.37 No.3

Vigilance Behavior of Cervus albirostris During Breeding Season in Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve, Sichuan
Author of the article:WANG Kaibao1, YOU Zhangqiang2, XIE Hongxin1, ZHENG Tiancai3, LI Zhongqiu1*
Author's Workplace:1. School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China;
2. School of Life Sciences and Technology, Mianyang Normal University, Mianyang, Sichuan Province 621000, China;
3. Sichuan Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve Administration, Ganzi, Sichuan Province 626700, China
Key Words:Cervus albirostris; vigilance behavior; age and sex; sequential randomness; Sichuan Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve
Abstract:White-lipped deer (Cervus albirostris), which is categorized as Class Ⅰ nationally protected wildlife, is an endemic species to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its adjacent regions. With the method of focal sampling, the vigilance behavior of C. albirostris during the breeding season (September and October, 2016) in Sichuan Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve were observed to investigate the determinants of individual vigilance and to verify whether the vigilance intervals are randomly distributed according to the assumptions of Pulliam's vigilance model. It was found that age and sex had a significant effect on individual vigilance behavior; fawns were more vigilant than adults, and females were more vigilant than males. However, we did not find any significant effect of human disturbance and within-group spatial position on the vigilance behavior of C. albirostris. Most of the vigilance intervals (93.4%) were randomly distributed, indicating that vigilance patterns of C. albirostris support the assumption of sequential randomness of Pulliam's model.
2018,37(3): 305-310,330 收稿日期:2018-01-11
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180016
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:察青松多白唇鹿栖息地调查和警戒行为研究咨询项目(ms2016-418)
作者简介:汪开宝(1994-),男,硕士研究生,目前参与有蹄类动物行为生态学研究
*通讯作者:李忠秋,E-mail:lizq@nju.edu.cn
参考文献:
车烨, 李忠秋. 2014. 动物的警戒行为——回顾及展望[J]. 四川动物, 33(1):144-150.
游章强, 唐中海, 杨远斌, 等. 2014. 察青松多白唇鹿国家级自然保护区白唇鹿对夏季生境的选择[J]. 兽类学报, 34(1):46-53.
余玉群. 1990. 白唇鹿性行为的观察[J]. 兽类学报, 10(1):235-236.
郑生武, 吴家炎, 韩亦平. 1989. 白唇鹿食性与繁殖的初步观察[J]. 兽类学报, 9(2):123-120.
Avilés JM, Bednekoff PA. 2007. How do vigilance and feeding by common cranes Grus grus depend on age, habitat, and flock size?[J]. Journal of Avian Biology, 38(6):690-697.
Beauchamp G. 2006. Nonrandom patterns of vigilance in flocks of the greater flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber ruber[J]. Animal Behaviour, 71(3):593-598.
Bednekoff PA, Lima SL. 1998. Randomness, chaos and confusion in the study of antipredator vigilance[J]. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 13(7):284-287.
Cameron EZ, Toit JT. 2005. Social influences on vigilance behaviour in giraffes, Giraffa camelopardalis[J]. Animal Behaviour, 69(6):1337-1344.
Carro ME, Fernández GJ, Reboreda JC. 2011. Sequential predictability of the scanning behaviour of greater rheas, Rhea americana[J]. Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 23(1):27-39.
Childress MJ, Lung MA. 2003. Predation risk, gender and the group size effect:does elk vigilance depend upon the behaviour of conspecifics?[J] Animal Behaviour, 66(2):389-398.
Ferrière R, Cazelles B, Cézilly F, et al. 1999. Predictability, chaos and coordination in bird vigilant behaviour[J]. Animal Behaviour, 57(2):497-500.
Gaynor KM, Cords M. 2012. Antipredator and social monitoring functions of vigilance behaviour in blue monkeys[J]. Animal Behaviour, 84(3):531-537.
Hamilton WD. 1971. Geometry for the selfish herd[J]. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 31(2):295-311.
Li CL, Zhou LZ, Xu L, et al. 2015. Vigilance and activity time-budget adjustments of wintering hooded cranes, Grus monacha, in human-dominated foraging habitats[J]. PLoS ONE, 10(3):e0118928. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0118928.
Li CQ, Jiang ZG, Tang S, et al. 2007. Evidence of effects of human disturbance on alert response in Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus)[J]. Zoo Biology, 26(6):461-470.
Li ZQ, Jiang ZG. 2008. Group size effect on vigilance:evidence from Tibetan gazelle in upper Buha River, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Behavioural Processes, 78(1):25-28.
Li ZQ, Wang ZG, Ge C. 2013. Time budgets of wintering red-crowned cranes:effects of habitat, age and family size[J]. Wetlands, 33(2):227-232.
Lung MA, Childress MJ. 2007. The influence of conspecifics and predation risk on the vigilance of elk (Cervus elaphus) in Yellowstone National Park[J]. Behavioral Ecology, 18(1):12-20.
Michelena P, Noël S, Gautrais J, et al. 2006. Sexual dimorphism, activity budget and synchrony in groups of sheep[J]. Oecologia, 148(1):170-180.
Pangle WM, Holekamp KE. 2010. Functions of vigilance behaviour in a social carnivore, the spotted hyaena, Crocuta crocuta[J]. Animal Behaviour, 80(2):257-267.
Pannozzo PL, Phillips KA, Haas ME, et al. 2007. Social monitoring reflects dominance relationships in a small captive group of brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)[J]. Ethology, 113(9):881-888.
Pulliam HR. 1973. On the advantages of flocking[J]. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 38(2):419-422.
Roberts G. 1994. When to scan:an analysis of predictability in vigilance sequences using autoregression models[J]. Animal Behaviour, 48(3):579-585.
Roberts G. 1996. Testing for patterns in sequences of vigilance behaviour[J]. Animal Behaviour, 51(5):1179-1182.
Shi JB, Li DQ, Xiao WF. 2011. Influences of sex, group size, and spatial position on vigilance behavior of Przewalski's gazelles[J]. Acta Theriologica, 56(1):73-79.
Shorrocks B, Cokayne A. 2005. Vigilance and group size in impala (Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein):a study in Nairobi National Park, Kenya[J]. African Journal of Ecology, 43(2):91-96.
Suter RB, Forrest TG. 1994. Vigilance in the interpretation of spectral analyses[J]. Animal Behaviour, 48(1): 223-225.
Treves A. 2000. Theory and method in studies of vigilance and aggregation[J]. Animal Behaviour, 60(6): 711-722.
Wang Z, Li ZQ, Beauchamp G, et al. 2011. Flock size and human disturbance affect vigilance of endangered red-crowned cranes (Grus japonensis)[J]. Biological Conservation,144(1): 101-105.
Xia CJ, Xu WX, Yang WK, et al. 2011. Seasonal and sexual variation in vigilance behavior of goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) in western China[J]. Journal of Ethology, 29(3): 443-451.
Zheng W, Beauchamp G, Jiang XL, et al. 2013. Determinants of vigilance in a reintroduced population of Père David's deer[J]. Current Zoology, 59(2): 265-270.
CopyRight©2018 Editorial Office of Sichuan Journal of Zoology