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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2017 Vol.36 No.6

Avifauna of the Eastern Slope of Mount Gongga
Author of the article:WU Yongjie1,2*, HE Xingcheng1, Shane G. DuBay3,4, Andrew Hart Reeve5, Per Alström6,7, ZHOU Huaming8, HE Meixiang1, YON
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resources and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;
2. Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago 60637, USA;
3. Committee on Evolutionary Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago 60637, USA;
4. Life Sciences Section, Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago 60605, USA;
5. Biosystematics Section at the Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen DK-2100, Denmark;
6. Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden;
7. Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
8. Institute of Forestry Sciences, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Kangding, Sichuan Province 626001, China;
9. State Environmental Key Laboratory on Biosafety, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Nanjing 210042, China
Key Words:birds; fauna; biodiversity; Hengduan Mountain; Hailuogou; elevation; field survey
Abstract:Based on 5 field surveys from 2010-2017, and review of previous studies, we summarize the occurrence of 336 bird species on the eastern slope of Mt. Gongga, including 204 residents (60.7%), 89 summer visitors (26.5%), 18 winter visitors (5.4%), and 25 passage migrants (7.5%). There are 205 species (61.0%) of Oriental origin, and 105 species (31.3%) of Palearctic origin; 26 species (7.7%) are widespread. Two hundred and forty-five species (72.9%) belong to the order Passeriformes, and 293 species (87.2%) breed on Mt. Gongga. There are 3 Class-1 and 29 Class-2 nationally protected birds, and 53 birds from eastern Mt. Gongga are endemic to Hengduan-Himalaya region. Three species are listed on CITES Appendix Ⅰ and 25 species are listed on CITES Appendix Ⅱ. One species is classified under the IUCN category EN and 2 species under category VU. Our study shows that species from the Oriental origin on average have a lower elevational distribution than Palearctic origin species, indicating that differential adaptation to high elevational environments between Oriental and Palearctic species may be due to different biogeographical histories. Of the 53 endemic species, 51 are of Oriental origin have higher elevational lower limits, midpoints and upper limits than non-endemic species, suggesting that endemics are better adapted to highland environments, which may be associated with their endemism. Species richness of birds peaks between 1 800-2 800 m elevation in mixed coniferous and deciduous broadleaf forest as well as in mixed coniferous broad leaved forests. Species richness decreases at lower and higher elevations, showing an overall hump-shaped richness pattern. Bird communities and vegetation structure change markedly across the elevational gradient of Mt. Gongga.
2017,36(6): 601-615 收稿日期:2017-09-15
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20170287
分类号:Q959.7
基金项目:国家自然科学青年基金项目(31501851);四川大学优秀青年教师名师名校访学项目;环保部生物多样性示范监测项目;生物安全监测系统应用模拟与示范推广项目(2016YFC12000705);中国科学院国际高级访问学者项目(2011T2S04);National Geographic Society/Waitt Fund; Funds from the American Philosophical Society, the American Museum of Natural History, the American Ornithologists' Union, the Society for the Study of Evolution, the Paulson Institute, the Animal Behavior Society等项目
作者简介:吴永杰,副教授,研究方向:动物生态、保护与进化
*通讯作者:吴永杰,E-mail:wuyongjie@scu.edu.cn;冉江洪,E-mail:rjhong-01@163.com
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