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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
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Your Position :Home->Past Journals Catalog->2015 Vol.34 No.4

Daily Activity Rhythm and Time Budget of Captive Female Chinese Water Deer in Lactation
Author of the article:TAN Guoliang, ZHANG Guoxian, LU Qingbin
Author's Workplace:1. School of Animal Science and Technology, Zhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University, Lin'an, Zhejiang Province 311300, China;
2. Forestry Bureau of Fuyang City, Fuyang, Zhejiang Province 311400, China
Key Words:Hydropotes inermis; daily behaviors; time budget; activity rhythm
Abstract:Daily activity rhythm and time budget of captive female Chinese water deer (Hydropotes inermis) in lactation were observed using the method of instantaneous scan sampling from July to August 2014 at Fuyang Chinese Water Deer Farm, Hangzhou. Female deer spent an average of (59.01±2.93)% time on the daily resting. Moving, feeding, auto-grooming, ruminating, standing, alerting, social behaviors and urinating accounted on average for (13.91±2.39)%, (10.60±0.74)%, (7.76±1.10)%, (2.84±0.66)%, (2.72±1.01)%, (1.53±0.59)%, (1.26±0.54)% and (0.36±0.22)% of the activity budgets, respectively. Diurnal resting time was very significantly lower than that of night(P<0.01), and diurnal auto-grooming time was significantly lower than the night(P<0.05), while the time of diurnal walking, feeding, ruminating, alert and social behavior was very significantly higher than that of night(P<0.01), and the standing time had no significant difference(P>0.05). The daily activity rhythms of female Chinese water deer showed two feeding and ruminating peaks, and three moving, standing and auto-grooming peaks with the characteristics of resting and social behavior multi peaks. Two feeding peaks were observed from 06: 00 to 07: 00 and from 16: 00 to 17: 00, but the peak of ruminating were delayed 1-2 hours than the peak. Resting-feeding and resting-moving were significantly negative correlated, however, significant positive correlation was observed between feeding and moving. In conclusion, the captive female Chinese water deer in lactation showed obvious activity rhythm, and most behaviors had significant differences between diurnal and nocturnal time.
2015,34(4): 548-554 收稿日期:2014-11-11
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.04.011
分类号:Q959.8;Q958.1
基金项目:浙江省科技厅公益性项目(2012C32015); 浙江农林大学教改项目(2013120022); 富阳市科技发展计划项目
作者简介:谭国梁,男,硕士研究生,研究方向:动物资源保护与利用,E-mail:317067723@qq.com
*通讯作者:鲁庆彬,E-mail:lqbin191@aliyun.com
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