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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Daily Activity Pattern of Lophophorus lhuysii During Spring and Summer in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province
Author of the article:CHEN Juncheng1, HE Fei2, PENG Bo2, YU Xiang1, 3, WU Yongjie1*, Ran Jianghong1*
Author's Workplace:1. Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-Environment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China; 2. Administration of Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Beichuan, Sichuan Province 622750, China; 3. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Chengdu 610081, China
Key Words:Lophophorus lhuysii; daily activity; time budget; behavior rhythmLophophorus lhuysii; daily activity; time budget; behavior rhythm
Abstract:During spring (April-May) and summer (June-August) in 2017, we studied the daily activities of Chinese monal Lophophorus lhuysii in Xiaozhaizigou National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province by using instantaneous and scan sampling method with the addition of camera trapping techniques. The results indicated that: 1) Chinese monal spent more time on moving (38.04%) and feeding (33.96%), spent less time on watching (17.01%), resting (7.05%), social (2.14%), maintaining (1.54%) and breeding behaviors (0.27%). 2) Two peaks of feeding behaviors occurred at dawn and dusk separately with a low ebb occurred in the afternoon. There was a significant peak for both resting and maintaining behaviors in the afternoon while social behaviors peaked in the early morning and before roosting. 3) There were seasonal and sex differences in the rhythm of resting, social and maintaining behaviors. In addition, the rhythm of breeding behaviors had sex difference. 4) Compared with the captive populations, wild Chinese monal spent more daily time on feeding behaviors and less time on resting behaviors. The rhythm of moving, social, breading and watching behaviors also have difference in the captive and wild population. Understanding the daily activity pattern of wild Chinese monal is an important research foundation for the protection on this species, and should be considered in the management of artificial population. More behavior ecology studies of Chinese monal are needed for its conservation in the future.
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