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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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The vigilance behavior of White-lipped deer during breeding season in Chaqingsongduo National Nature Reserve
Author of the article:汪开宝,游章强,郑天才,李忠秋
Author's Workplace:School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University School of Life Sciences and Technology, Mianyang Normal University Chaqingsongduo National Nature Reserve
Key Words:White-lipped deer,vigilance behavior,gender and age,sequential randomness, Sichuan Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve
Abstract:The White-lipped deer (Cervus albirostris), which is category I national protected wildlife, is an endemic species to the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and its adjacent regions. With the method of focal sampling, we observed the vigilance behavior of white-lipped deer during the breeding season (September and October 2016) in Sichuan Chaqingsongduo White-lipped Deer National Nature Reserve, with the aim of studying the determinants of individual vigilance and verifying whether the vigilance intervals are randomly distributed, which is one of the three assumptions of Pulliam’s vigilance model, that is to say, it is random of the time of two successive vigilance intervals and makes no difference in the former one. We found that sex/age has a significant effect on individual vigilance; fawns were more vigilant than adults and females were more vigilant than males. However, we did not find any significant effect of disturbance and within-group spatial position. Most of the vigilance intervals (93.4%) were randomly distributed, indicating that vigilance patterns of White-lipped deer support the assumption of sequential randomness of Pulliam model.
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