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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
Address:College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, No.29, Wangjiang Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, 610064, China
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Bird resource and diversity in Liziping national nature reserve
Author of the article:ZHANG Kan1#, RAN Xiaodong2#, XU Yu2*
Author's Workplace:1. Liziping national nature reserve 2. Collage of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University
Key Words:birds; zoogeographical realm; diversity; season; habitat; conservation
Abstract:Based on field survey and previous references, we summarized that there were 260 bird species belonging to 15 orders and 53 families in Liziping national nature reserve, including 169 residential birds (65.0%), 57 summer migration birds (21.9%), 18 winter migration birds (6.9%) and 16 travel birds (6.2%). The avifauna has a highly mixed composition of faunal distribution types, with 161 (61.9%) Oriental Realm species, 70 (26.9%) Palaearctic Realm species, and 29 (11.2%) widespread species. Among them, 6 species are listed in IUCN red list, with 1 endangered, 2 vulnerable, and 3 near threatened; 4 and 20 species are legally listed in Category I and II of the nationally protected animals of China. There were 15 birds endemic to China. The analyses showed 4 and 5 dominant species in autumn and spring, respectively. Bird diversity was lower in autumn than in spring, but in both the seasons diversity was highest in broad-leaved forests occurring in middle and low elevations, followed by coniferous forests or coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests, and river-valley shrubs. The similarity indices calculated for bird species between autumn and spring and between different habitats were lower than 0.5, suggesting larger temporal and spatial difference in bird communities. Maintenance of a mosaic of habitats is suggested for bird conservation and management in the reserve, with particular priority to broad-leaved forests occurring in middle and low elevations.
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