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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Vigilance behavior comparation of South China tiger cubs borned in cages and artificial cave conditions
Author of the article:DAI Si,FU Wenyuan,LAN Zuomin,ZHANG Yong,LU Changhu
Author's Workplace:College of Biology and Environment,Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China of Nanjing Forestry University;Fujian Meihuashan South China Tiger Breeding Research Institute.
Key Words:South China Tiger,Cages,Artificial cave,Cubs,Alert distance,Vigilance behavior
Abstract:South China Tiger cubs showed a variety of vigilance behaviors. Cubs borned in artificial cave alert more frequently comparing to those borned in cages. When both groups of cubs were present under the condition of cages connecting with free-ranging area, the significant differences were detected for both alert distance (df=18, F=5.690, P=0.000) and flee distance (df=18, F=4.875, P=0.000) for each cub, however, the alert distance between two groups have no significant difference (df=1, F=7.461, P=0.072), as well as their flee distance (df=1, F=3.288, P=0.167). In general, the alert distance and flee distance of both groups of cubs showed a declining trend over time but in different degree. There is no significant correlation between alert distance and time (Cage group, R2=0.082, P=0.235, n=19; Cave group, R2=0.084, P=0.228, n=19), but a significant correlation was found between flee distance and time (Cage group,R2=0.319, P=0.012,n=19; Cave group,R2=0.305, P=0.014,n=19).
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