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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Advanced in syntax structures of vocal communications in animals
Author of the article:YU Yanping, ZHANG Kangkang, LIU Ying *
Author's Workplace:Northeast Normal University
Key Words:animals;communication calls;syntactic structure;syntactic divergence
Abstract:Animals use acoustic signals to accomplish a series of communication activities, such as recognition, courtship, alarm, and so on. The more complex vocal signals are, the more information will be carried out, and thus more complete and efficient messages would be sent to the receivers. Animals use such complicated communication calls to improve the fitness of senders and receivers. However, animals only emit limited syllable types, but they can use syntax to form syllables into complex call sequences which convey more detailed and richer messages through various combination patterns. In addition, animals’ syntax is similar to human’s grammar. Studying animal syntax will contribute us to comprehend the formation mechanism of human language. Therefore, we summarize and classify animals’ syntactic patterns to contribute to reveal forming rules of communication calls. Then, we discuss the divergence and geographic variation of syntax in different animals, which would provide a scientific reference basis for understanding the forming and maintaining mechanism of human dialects. Finally, we conclude the research progress of syntax structure, in order to provide reasonable suggests to future focal point and orientation and provide guidance about syntax research.
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