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Issue:ISSN 1000-7083
          CN 51-1193/Q
Director:Sichuan Association for Science and Technology
Sponsored by:Sichuan Society of Zoologists; Chengdu Giant Panda Breeding Research Foundation; Sichuan Association of Wildlife Conservation; Sichuan University
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Diurnal Conflict Behavior of Captive Père David's Deer (Elaphurus davidianus) in the Anestrous Period
Author of the article:Ren Yijung1, Wang Libo1,Yu Xiaopeng1, Gao Zhipeng1, Yuan Baodong1,2*
Author's Workplace:1. Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve, Dafeng, Jiangsu, 224136,China; 2. College of Biology and Food, Shangqiu Normal University, Shangqiu Henan, 476000, China
Key Words:Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus);Anestrous period;Conflict behavior;Rank-order;Jiangsu Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve
Abstract:The relationship between agonistic Conflict behavior and rank class of captive Elaphurus davidianus was studied during April and November in 2015 and December in 2016, and the derivative factors were explored. The scanning sampling method was used to record the diurnal conflict behavior of E. davidianus in Jiangsu Dafeng Milu National Nature Reserve, and a total of 1 452 conflict accidents were observeded. The results showed that: (1) the rank class of males was higher than females of the same age; (2) the rank class of adults was higher than the juveniles of the same gender; (3) the expression way of the conflict behavior showed a significant difference among three stages of antler circles (P<0.01); (4) E. davidianus attack patterns were related to its physical characteristics, and the food content was the main factor promoting the conflictions (61.55%). There were no significant differences among the 3 phases and also between the morning and afternoon (P>0.05). This research of anestrous conflict behavior provides a reasonable reference for the feeding,management, domestication, and ex-situ conservation of E. davidianus population in Dafeng.
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