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新疆艾比湖湿地自然保护区鸟类清单及秋季迁徙数量统计
List of Birds and Count of Autumn Migration in Ebinur Wetland Nature Reserve
马鸣1, 克德尔汗?巴亚恒2, 李飞2, 胡宝文1, 吴加清2, 马尔科姆?道格拉斯3, 高翔2, 热合曼?阿曼江2, 陈莹1, 梅宇1,丁鹏1
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作者单位:(1. 中国科学院干旱区生物地理与生物资源重点实验室,中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011; 2. 艾比湖湿地国家级自然保护区管理局,新疆博乐833400;3. 亚洲开发银行,北京100031)
中文关键字:鸟类资源;迁徙统计;遗鸥;白头硬尾鸭;重要湿地;艾比湖
英文关键字:avifauna; migratory count; relict gull; white-headed duck; bird-watching; important wetland; Ebinur
中文摘要:新疆物种多样性项目组在近10年中多次考察了艾比湖湿地自然保护区(44°50' N 82°50' E,海拔189 m)。特别是2007~2009年逐月环湖考察,地点包括阿拉山口、奎屯河、精河、博尔塔拉河、科克巴斯陶、桑德库木、甘家湖、古尔图等。东西长118 km,南北宽56 km,覆盖6608 km2。采用样线法和点计数法,对艾比湖区不同区域鸟的种类和数量进行统计和分析。记录到233种鸟类,是全疆种数的55%,分别隶属于1753128属。秋季一次统计到103 875只鸟类。首次发现了卷羽鹈鹕Pelecanus crispus、白头硬尾鸭Oxyura leucocephala、遗鸥Larus relictus和细嘴鸥Larus genei等的聚集地。另有夜鹭、小白额雁、斑背潜鸭、长尾鸭、剑鸻、小滨鹬、细嘴鸥、黄腹鹨等8种为新疆新纪录种。区系以古北种(183种,78.5%)和广布种(49种,21.0%)为主,极少东洋种。艾比湖为中亚鸟类迁徙的重要驿站。
英文摘要:Based on the pervious survey and bird-watching from 1999 to 2008, the knowledge of birds in Ebinur Lake grew quickly. The circuit expedition was conducted again from April to November 2009. The survey area is about 6608 km2 or more, including Alataw Pass, Bortala River, Jinghe Estuary, Kuitun River, Duck Bay, Ganjiahu, and about 20 stations of Lake Ebinur Nature Reserve (44°50' N, 82°50' E, elevation 189 m). Every month, line transects and group estimate methods were used to investigate avian resources. The results showed that there are 233 avian species in the region, belonging to 17 orders, 53 families and 128 genera, accounting for 55% of the total bird species in Xinjiang. According to the type of avifauna, 183 species belong to the Palaearctic realm, a few birds from the Oriental realm, and about 49 species from the both. A total of eight new ornithological records in Xinjiang were listed,; they are the night heron, lesser white-fronted goose, scaup, long-tailed duck, ringed plover, little stint, slender-billed gull, and buff-belled pipit. The population sizes as well as monthly changes were taken in around lake surveys. 103,875 birds were counted at a census in autumn. Some rare species lived in the reserve, e.g. the dalmatian pelican, black stork, white-headed duck, white-tailed and short-toed eagles, cranes, and relict gull. Ebinur Lake is an internationally important wetland for waterfowl.
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国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
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