刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2010年第29卷第6期

北京紫竹院公园鸟类群落多样性分析
Investigations on Diversity of Birds at Zizhuyuan Park in Beijing
郭铁英1, 杨均炜2, 曲媛媛1, 陈卫1*
点击:1023次 下载:4次
DOI:
作者单位:(1.首都师范大学生命科学学院,北京 100048;2. 福建省泉州实验中学,福建泉州362000)
中文关键字:紫竹院公园;鸟类群落;多样性指数
英文关键字: bird community; diversity; Beijing
中文摘要:20049月~20056月在北京紫竹院公园进行鸟类群落调查。共记录到鸟类52种,隶属于1126科。其中夏候鸟17种,冬候鸟4种,旅鸟28种,留鸟13种。鸟类的种类和数量随季节变化有明显差异。春、秋季鸟类种类丰富,且秋季达到最高;冬季鸟类数量达到最高。优势种有灰椋鸟Sturnus cineraceus、麻雀Passer montanus、喜鹊Pica pica、灰喜鹊Cyanopica cyana、绿头鸭Anas platyrhynchos、鸳鸯Aix galericulata等。鸟类群落多样性指数和均匀度指数变化趋势类似,春、秋季高,冬季低,而优势度指数的变化是冬季最高,春秋季低。鸟类多样性增加主要是由于春、秋季的候鸟迁徙。保证一定的公园面积、增加空间异质性、合理配置资源,有利于保护鸟类的多样性。
英文摘要:Diversity of birds was surveyed at Zizhuyuan Park in Beijing during September 2004 to June 2005. A total of 52 species of birds were recorded, belonging to 11 orders and 26 families. There were 17 species of summer breeders, 4 winter visitors and 28 species travelers among 38 migratory species, and the remaining 13 species were residents. Species and number of birds varied with the seasonal changes. A wide variety of birds appeared in the spring and autumn, and the highest in the autumn. The greatest number of birds occurred in winter. Dominant species were starlings (Sturnus cineraceus), sparrows (Passer montanus), magpies (Pica pica), azure-winged magpies (Cyanopica cyana), mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), and mandarin ducks (Aix galericulata). The diversity index trend of the bird community was similar with the evenness index. Both were high in spring and autumn and low in winter, while the dominance index was the highest in winter and lowest in spring and fall. The increase of bird diversity was primarily due to migration in spring and autumn. Increasing the area and heterogeneity of the park and rational allocation of resources will facilitate the preservation of bird diversity in Zizhuyuan Park.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2019四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号-3
您是本站第7884059名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号