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北京野生水鸟迁徙规律及其监测策略初探
Studies on the Migration Patterns and Monitoring Methods of the Water Birds in Beijing
张铁楼1, 田恒玖1, 史洋1, 潘红1, 陈卫2, 刘洪岐3
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作者单位:1.北京市野生动物救护中心;2.首都师范大学生命科学学院; 3. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院
中文关键字:野生水鸟;迁徙;北京;禽流感;监测
英文关键字:water birds; migration; Beijing; avian influenza; monitoring
中文摘要:2005年全球暴发的禽流感疫情备受世界关注,候鸟带毒且野生水鸟是禽流感病毒的天然储库已被世界公认,我国野生动物疫源疫病监测工作被提到重要议事日程。通过对2006~2008年监测数据的分析,发现北京市野生水鸟春季迁徙从2月下旬开始,4月初达到迁徙高峰;9月下旬开始秋季南迁,11月下旬达到迁徙高峰。并分别对北京地区雁鸭类、鹬鸻类、鹭类的迁徙规律进行了分析;根据北京的气候特点分析了野生水鸟的分布和迁徙特点;根据禽流感病毒与温度的关系,提出了北京的重点监测时期及物种。
英文摘要:The global outbreak of bird flu H5N1 in 2005 had engaged the whole world's attention. The fact that migratory birds could be infected with avian influenza and that wild waterfowl are the main natural reservoir of the avian influenza virus has been recognized by the world. Then the wildlife’s epidemic disease monitoring work in China has been carried out. Based on the analysis of 3 years of monitoring data, we found that the spring northward migration of wild waterfowl in Beijing started in late February and reached its peak in early April. Then they started their southward migration in late September which reached its peak in late November. In this paper, the distribution of the main groups of water birds (eg. the geese and ducks, charadriidae and scoipacidae, ardeidae) and their migratory patterns were analyzed in accordance with the characteristics of the climate of Beijing. Based on the relation between temperature and the characteristics of the avian influenza virus, the monitoring period and species which we should focus on were also pointed out .
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国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
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