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高黎贡山雉类生境预测
Prediction on the Suitable Habitat of Four Pheasants Species Using Ecological Niche Modeling in the Gaoligong Mountains
李文娟1, 赵小飞2, 饶才红3, 黄志旁1, 任国鹏1, 陈尧4, 何晓东5, 王新文6, 白洪兵7, 张淑霞1*, 肖文1*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180332
作者单位:1. 大理大学东喜玛拉雅研究院, 云南大理 671003;
2. 普洱市林业局, 云南普洱 665000;
3. 云南高黎贡山国家级自然保护区福贡管护分局, 云南怒江 673400;
4. 云岭省级自然保护区管护局, 云南怒江 671400;
5. 云南高黎贡山国家级自然保护区怒江管护局, 云南怒江 673200;
6. 云南高黎贡山国家级自然保护区泸水管护分局, 云南怒江 673200;
7. 云南高黎贡山国家级自然保护区贡山管护分局, 云南怒江 673500
中文关键字:高黎贡山;雉类;物种分布预测模型;保护建议;利比希最小因子定律
英文关键字:Gaoligong Mountains; pheasants; species distribution model; protection advice; Liebigs law of minimum
中文摘要:物种分布信息对野生动物的保护和管理至关重要。基于物种访查数据和气候数据,采用基于物种生境偏好、利比希最小因子定律和谢尔福德耐受性定律构建的生态位模型,综合考虑物种出现点和环境变量,预测了高黎贡山白尾梢虹雉Lophophorus sclateri、血雉Ithaginis cruentus、白鹇Lophura nycthemera、白腹锦鸡Chrysolophus amherstiae的潜在分布区域。结果表明,模型对4种雉类的预测均达到较好效果;白尾梢虹雉、血雉、白鹇和白腹锦鸡的潜在生境总面积分别为6 432 km2、8 464 km2、9 573 km2和13 691 km2,白鹇和白腹锦鸡的潜在生境面积大于白尾梢虹雉和血雉,但后两者具有更多的高质量生境。高黎贡山北段是4种雉类潜在生境的重叠区,为高黎贡山雉类保护的优先区域,尤其是白尾梢虹雉,建议加大该区域的雉类调查和保护力度。
英文摘要:The information of species distribution is important to protect and manage the habitat of wild animals. To predict the potential distribution area of 4 protected Phasianidae species (Lophophorus sclateri, Ithaginis cruentus, Lophura nycthemera and Chrysolophus amherstiae) in the Gaoligong Mountains, combined with species occurrence points and environmental variables, we established new niche models based on habitat preference, Liebigs law of minimum and Shelford's tolerance law by using the interview-based survey data and climatic data. The results showed that the potential habitats of the 4 protected species covered the north, middle and south sections of Gaoligong Mountains. The total habitats area of Lophophorus sclateri, I. cruentus, Lophura nycthemera and C. amherstiae were 6 432 km2, 8 464 km2, 9 573 km2 and 13 691 km2, respectively. The high-quality habitat areas were 2 357 km2, 4 097 km2, 772 km2 and 1 021 km2, respectively, while the marginal habitat areas were 4 075 km2, 4 367 km2, 8 801 km2 and 12 671 km2, respectively. The model established in this study was confirmed to have a good effect on habitat prediction. Lophura nycthemera and C. amherstiae had larger total habitat area while Lophophorus sclateri and I. cruentus had larger high-quality habitat area. The northern section of Gaoligong Mountains is a common potential area where 4 pheasant species coexist. In accordance to the overall planning of Gaoligong Mountains pheasant conservation, it is considered that the northern section of Gaoligong Mountains can serve as a priority area for the protection of pheasants, especially for Lophophorus sclateri, and thus the investigation and protection of pheasants in this area should be strengthened in the future.
2019,38(3): 328-337 收稿日期:2018-11-09
分类号:Q959.7;Q958.1
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31560599);中国三江并流区域生物多样性协同创新中心项目;大理大学三江并流区域生物多样性保护与利用省创新团队项目;大理大学博士科研启动项目(KYBS201408)
作者简介:李文娟(1997-),女,研究方向:主要从事野生动物生境预测研究,E-mail:liwenjuan_lf@163.com
*通信作者:张淑霞,E-mail:zhangsx@eastern-himalaya.cn;肖文,E-mail:xiaow@eastern-himalaya.cn
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