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我国蝌蚪的科级分类研究
Anuran Larvae of China at the Family Level Based on Morphological Data
李成, 舒国成, 江建平*
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DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20180165
作者单位:中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041
中文关键字:蝌蚪;形态;中国
英文关键字:tadpole; morphology; China
中文摘要:2017年末,我国的两栖动物已记录3目14科466种,其中,无尾目Anura 10科386种。蝌蚪是无尾两栖类物种的幼体,具有一系列适应水生生活的形态特征和一个特别的变态过程,是无尾目的主要标志之一。我国蝌蚪的形态特征散见于各个物种的形态描述,而对蝌蚪科级分类的系统研究却阙如。本文基于蝌蚪的8个形态学分类性状,概述了我国除亚洲角蛙科Ceratobatrachidae外9个科(铃蟾科Bombinatoridae、角蟾科Megophryidae、蟾蜍科Bufonidae、雨蛙科Hylidae、蛙科Ranidae、叉舌蛙科Dicroglossidae、浮蛙科Occidozygidae、树蛙科Rhacophoridae、姬蛙科Microhylidae)的蝌蚪分类特征,系统阐述了蝌蚪科级分类特征的分类和适应意义。
英文摘要:Until the end of 2017, a total of 466 amphibian species belonging to 14 families in 3 orders have been recorded in China, and among of which, 386 anuran species are classified into 10 families. Tadpole is the larval stage of anurans, and particularly characterized by high level of morphological specialization and coupled with an ecological transformation from aquatic to terrestrial. The larval characters are important indicators of evolutionary relationship among the anurans. The current morphological description of tadpoles is mainly focused on species level, and few data on family level are commonly recognized in China. In this study, the phenotypic traits of tadpoles from 9 families (Bombinatoridae, Megophryidae, Bufonidae, Hylidae, Ranidae, Dicroglossidae, Occidozygidae, Rhacophoridae, and Microhylidae) except Ceratobatrachidae are illustrated based on 8 morphological characters. Some larval characters are briefly summarized throughout the large taxonomic groups, and expounded the significance of adaptation in appearance and in habit, respectively.
2019,38(1): 111-120 收稿日期:2018-05-25
分类号:Q959.5
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31172055)
作者简介:李成,男,副研究员,研究方向:两栖爬行动物分类与保护,E-mail:licheng@cib.ac.cn
*通信作者:江建平,E-mail:jiangjp@cib.ac.cn
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