刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2016年第35卷第3期

阿尔金山国家级自然保护区纵纹腹小鸮食性的季节变化
Seasonal Variation of the Diet of Athene noctua in Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve
阿瓦古丽·玉苏甫1, 李叶1,2, 张翔3, 时磊1*
点击:1035次 下载:28次
DOI:
作者单位:1. 新疆农业大学动物科学学院, 乌鲁木齐 830052;
2. 中国林业出版社生态保护出版中心, 北京 100009;
3. 阿尔金山国家级自然保护区管理局, 新疆库尔勒 841000
中文关键字:纵纹腹小鸮;食性;营养生态位;季节变化;食物大小
英文关键字:Athene noctua; diet; trophic niche; seasonal variation; food size
中文摘要:2012-2013年间,利用食团分析法对阿尔金山国家级自然保护区纵纹腹小鸮Athene noctua的食性进行分析。共分析343个纵纹腹小鸮食团,鉴定出353个猎物。以个体计,当地纵纹腹小鸮主要取食小型哺乳动物,占95.18%,其次为鸟类,占3.97%,也取食少量昆虫(0.85%)。生物量贡献则以小型哺乳动物为主,占99.35%。纵纹腹小鸮在夏季和冬季就可鉴定的取食动物种类比例组成而言,差异具有高度统计学意义(χ2=52.27,df=4,P<0.01)。冬、夏两季纵纹腹小鸮取食哺乳动物的平均胫骨长度差异具有高度统计学意义(P<0.01)。全年来看,纵纹腹小鸮取食哺乳动物的胫骨长度平均为19.45 mm±5.84 mm(n=194),主要取食Ⅱ级(10.01 mm~20.00 mm)和Ⅲ级(20.01 mm~30.00 mm)的猎物(分别为46.39%和48.45%)。保护区纵纹腹小鸮的食物生态位宽度以夏季最高(2.583),冬季最低(0.949)。研究结果表明纵纹腹小鸮是机会主义捕食者,根据生境中食物的可获得性改变食性。
英文摘要:The diet of the little owl (Athene noctua) was investigated by checking pellets that collected from Altun Mountain National Nature Reserve, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. A total of 353 prey items were identified from 343 pellets from 2012 to 2013. Three small mammals and several species of bird and insect were identified. Small mammals were the most important food items by checking the frequency of each food composition in pellet samples. Small mammals were accounted for 95.18% of the food composition and contributed 99.35% of biomass in pellets. There was an extremely significant difference in the prey composition between summer and winter (χ2=52.27, df=4, P<0.01). There was a significant seasonal difference in small mammal's average tibial length (P<0.01). For the full year, the average tibia length of the small mammals consumed by A. noctua was 19.45 mm±5.84 mm (n=194), including 46.39% Class Ⅱ (10.01~20.00 mm) and 48.45% Class Ⅲ (20.01~30.00 mm) prey. The highest trophic niche breadth of A. noctua in the reserve was 2.583 in summer, and the lowest was 0.949 in winter. These findings indicated that the difference of food items and prey frequency of prey species were related to the availability of prey resources in the habitat. Moreover, A. noctua was found to be an opportunism predator.
2016,(35): 351-355 收稿日期:2015-11-06
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20150349
分类号:Q959.7;Q958.1
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203041);阿尔金山国家级自然保护区综合科考项目
作者简介:阿瓦古丽·玉苏甫,女,硕士研究生,研究方向:动物生态学,E-mail:1427376702@qq.com
*通讯作者:时磊,男,博士,教授,E-mail:shileixj@126.com
参考文献:
郝映红, 齐磊. 2013. 山西庞泉沟保护区三种鸮的繁殖生态特性研究[J]. 山西农业大学学报(自然科学版), 33(6):536-541.
雷富民, 郑作新, 尹柞华. 1997. 纵纹腹小鸮在中国的分布、栖息地及各亚种的梯度变异[J]. 动物分类学报, 22(3):327-333.
雷富民. 1994. 纵纹腹小鸮的繁殖生态学[J]. 生态学报, 14(2):205-208.
雷富民. 1995. 陕西省歧山地区纵纹腹小鸮的食性研究[J]. 武夷科学, 12:136-142.
雷富民. 1996. 纵纹腹小鸮的种群密度及生态分布格局研究[J]. 生态学报, 16(3):333-336.
李德浩. 1989. 青海经济动物志[M]. 西宁:青海人民出版社.
李维东, 张翔, 张会斌. 2013. 新疆阿尔金山国家级自然保护区综合科学考察[M]. 乌鲁木齐:新疆科学技术出版社.
刘焕金, 安文山, 杨向明, 等. 1995. 纵纹腹小鸮繁殖生态[J]. 动物学杂志, 30(2):40-42.
刘逎发, 耿稚蓉.1995. 密点麻蜥的食性及摄食的季节性变化[J]. 应用生态学报, 6(S1):74-78.
刘逎发. 1993. 甘肃民勤治沙站小鸮食物研究[J]. 野生动物, 14(3):11-13.
牛红星, 王艳梅, 余燕. 2005. 纵纹腹小鸮(Athene noctua)消化系统形态学研究[J]. 四川动物, 24(2):181-183.
王思博, 杨赣源. 1983. 新疆啮齿动物志[M]. 乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社.
谢德还, 邱有宏, 郭建荣. 2001.纵纹腹小鸮繁殖习性观察[J]. 动物学杂志, 36(5):57-59.
张百平. 1991. 阿尔金山自然保护区(库木库勒盆地)的自然环境和动物资源[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 5(1):87-95.
赵伟, 宋森, 邵明勤, 等. 2007. 甘肃民勤治沙站纵纹腹小鸮食性的季节变化[J]. 动物学报, 53(6):953-958.
郑作新. 1991. 中国动物志 鸟纲 第六卷 鸽形目 鹦形目 鹃形目 鸮形目[M]. 北京:科学出版社.
Alivlzatos H, Goutner V, Zogaris S. 2005. Contribution to the study of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece[J]. Ornithologische Beobachter, 100(2):117-126.
Al-Melhim W, Amr ZS, Disi A, et al. 1997. On the diet of the little owl, Athene noctua, in the Safawi area, eastern Jordan[J]. Zoology in the Middle East, 15:19-28.
Angelici FM, Latella L, Luiselli L, et al. 1997. The summer diet of the little owl (Athene noctua) on the island of Astipalaia (Dodecanese, Greece)[J]. Journal of Raptor Research, 31(3):280-282.
Bon M, Ratti E, Sartor A. 2001. Seasonal variations in the diet of the little owl Athene noctua (Scopoli, 1769) in a tilled site on the edge of Venice Lagoon[J]. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia, 52:193-212.
Byholm P, Kekkonen M. 2008. Food regulates reproduction differently in different habitats:experimental evidence in the goshawk[J]. Ecology, 89:1696-1702.
Charter M, Leshem Y, Izhaki I, et al. 2006. The diet of the little owl, Athene noctua in Israel[J]. Zoology in the Middle East, 39:31-40.
Chenchouni H. 2014. Diet of the little owl (Athene noctua) during the pre-reproductive period in a semi-arid Mediterranean region[J]. Zoology and Ecology, 24(4):314-323.
Gotta A, Pigozzi G. 1997. Trophic niche of the barn owl and little owl in a rice field habitat in northern Italy[J]. Italian Journal of Zoology, 64(1):55-59.
Goutner V, Alivizatos H. 2003. Diet of the barn owl Tyto alba and little owl Athene noctua in wetlands of northeastern Greece[J]. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 133(1):15-22.
Grzegorz G, Ignacy K, Rados LS. 2006. Diet of little owl Athene noctua during breeding in the central part of Lublin region (SE Poland)[J]. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 52(6):1155-1161.
Hounsome TD, O'Mahony D, Delahay RJ. 2004. The diet of little owls Athene noctua in Gloucestershire, England[J]. Bird Study, 51(3):282-284.
Kitowski I, Pawlega K. 2010. Food composition of the little owl Athene noctua in farmland areas of south east Poland[J]. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 140(2):203-211.
Laursen JT. 2005. A study of the diet of the little owl Athene noctua in eastern Jutland[J]. Dansk Ornithologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 75(3-4):105-110.
Navarro J, Sanchez-Zapata JA, Carrete M, et al. 2003. Diet of three sympatric owls in steppe habitats of eastern Kazakhstan[J]. Journal of Raptor Research, 37:256-258.
Obuch J, Kristin A. 2004. Prey composition of the little owl Athene noctua in an arid zone (Egypt, Syria, Iran)[J]. Folia Zoologica, 53(1):65-79.
Reynolds SJ, Schoech SJ, Bowman R. 2003. Nutritional quality of pre-breeding diet influences breeding performance of the Florida Scrub-Jay[J]. Oecologia, 134:308-316.
Romanowskii J, Altenburg D, Żmihorski M. 2013. Seasonal variation in the diet of the little owl, Athene noctua in agricultural landscape of Central Poland[J]. North-western Journal of Zoology, 9(2):310-318.
Steen R, Lφw LM, Sonerud GA. 2011. Delivery of common lizards (Zootoca (Lacerta) vivipara) to nests of Eurasian kestrels (Falco tinnunculus) determined by solar height and ambient temperature[J]. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89:199-205.
Stephen DW, Krebs JR. 1986. Foraging theory[M]. Princeton:Princeton University Press.
Tomé R, Catry P, Bloise C, et al. 2008. Breeding density and success, and diet composition of little owls Athene noctua in steppe-like habitats in Portugal[J]. Ornis Fennica, 85:22-32.
Vaurie C. 1965. The birds of the Palearctic fauna:non-passeriformes[M]. London:Witherby.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2019四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号-3
您是本站第7746883名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号