刊期:双月刊
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会
主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
地址:四川省成都市武侯区望江路29号四川大学生命科学学院内
邮编:610065
电话:028-85410485; 15881112385
传真:028-85410485
E-Mail:scdwzz@vip.163.com & scdwzz001@163.com
刊号:ISSN 1000-7083
        CN 51-1193/Q
国内发行代号:
国际发行代号:
发行范围:国内外公开发布
定价:50元/册
定价:300元/年

您所在位置:首页->过刊浏览->2015年第34卷第5期

小和凤头越冬潜水行为及差异
Diving Behavior and Difference of Wintering Little Grebe and Great Crested Grebe
蒋剑虹, 邵明勤*
点击:1250次 下载:60次
DOI:
作者单位:江西师范大学生命科学学院, 南昌 330022
中文关键字:小;凤头;潜水行为
英文关键字:Tachybaptus ruficollis; Podiceps cristatus; diving behavior
中文摘要:2013年10月-2014年3月,采用焦点动物法观察了小Tachybaptus ruficollis和凤头Podiceps cristatus的越冬潜水行为。小的平均潜水持续时间和暂停持续时间分别为(13.84 s±5.66 s)(n=1593)和(12.24 s±9.71 s)(n=1504),凤头为(21.72 s±9.65 s)(n=793)和(17.88 s±11.68 s)(n=728),均在越冬不同时期和昼间不同时段有所差异。小(1.13)和凤头(1.21)的潜水效率均较低,小的潜水效率更为稳定。2个物种中,仅小的暂停持续时间与前一次和后一次的潜水有极显著相关性。2种在潜水持续时间长及潜水效率高的时段均相似,但也产生了"错峰"等分化现象。本文还验证了潜水持续时间随体型增大而增长,温度下降会导致潜水效率下降等规律。
英文摘要:From October 2013 to March 2014, the diving behaviors of little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis and great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus were studied by focal-animal sampling method. The mean diving duration of P. cristatus (21.72 s±9.65 s) (n=793) was longer than T. ruficollis (13.84 s±5.66 s) (n=1593), so as the mean time at surface (17.88 s±11.68 s) (n=728) and (12.24 s±9.71 s) (n=1504), respectively. Diving efficiency of T. ruficollis (1.13) was slightly lower than that of P. cristatus (1.21), but more stable during the wintering period. For the two grebes, only surface duration of T. ruficollis was positively related to both duration of the preceding and the following diving. High values of diving duration and dive efficiency of the two grebes occurred in similar time but with different peak times. We also found that the diving duration increased with the body size and the low temperature could cause a decline in diving efficiency.
2015,(): 719-724 收稿日期:2014-12-23
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.20140578
分类号:Q959.7;Q958.1
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31260517)
作者简介:蒋剑虹(1991-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事鸟类学研究
*通讯作者:邵明勤,E-mail:1048362673@qq.com
参考文献:
范俊芳, 文友华. 2007. 南昌艾溪湖滨水鸟类栖息地的景观设计[J]. 湖南农业大学学报:社会科学版, 8(6):64-67.
蒋剑虹, 戴年华, 邵明勤, 等. 2015. 鄱阳湖区稻田生境中灰鹤越冬行为的时间分配与觅食行为[J]. 生态学报, 35(2):270-279.
邵明勤, 石文娟, 蒋剑虹, 等. 2014. 南昌市艾溪湖和瑶湖鸟类多样性初步研究[J]. 湖北农业科学, 53(2):382-384.
曾宾宾, 邵明勤, 赖洪清, 等. 2013. 性别和温度对中华秋沙鸭越冬行为的影响[J]. 生态学报, 33(12):3712-3721.
章旭日, 邵明勤, 简敏菲. 2009. 南昌市及近郊鸟类多样性和区系初步分析[J]. 江西师范大学学报:自然科学版, 33(4):458-462.
赵正阶. 2001. 中国鸟类志[M]. 长春:吉林科学技术出版社:51-56.
Bourget D, Savard JL, Guillemette M. 2007. Distribution, diet and dive behavior of barrow's and common goldeneyes during spring and autumn in the St. Lawrence Estuary[J]. Waterbirds, 30(2):230-240.
Casaux R. 2004. Diving Patterns in the Antarctic Shag[J]. Waterbirds, 27(4):382-387.
Caudell JN, Conover MR. 2006. Behavioral and physiological responses of eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) to variations in brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana) densities[J]. Western North American Naturalist, 66(1):12-22.
Erika KL, Daniel E, John YT, et al. 2011. Stoperover habitats of spring migrating surf scoters in southeast Alaska[J]. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 75(1):92-100.
Frere E, Quintana F, Gandini P. 2002. Diving behavior of the red-legged cormorant in shouhrastern Patagonia, Argentina[J]. The Condor, 104(2):440-444.
Gomes A, Pereira JJ Jr, Bugoni L. 2009. Age-specific diving and foraging behavior of the great grebe (Podicephorus major)[J]. Waterbirds, 32(1):149-156.
Hurlbert SH. 1984.Benthic and pelagic pathways of methylmercury bioaccumulation in estuarine food webs of the northeast United States[J]. Ecol Monographs, 54:187-211.
McKnight J. 1998. The careless society:community and its counterfeits[M]. New York:Basic Books:208.
Mittelhauser GH, Drury JB, Morrison E. 2008. Behavior and diving of harlequin ducks wintering at Isle auHaut, Maine[J]. Waterbirds, 31(sp2):67-70.
Ropert-Coudert Y, Kato A. 2009. Diving activity of hoary-headed (Poliocephalus poliocephalus) and Australasian little grebes (Tachybaptus novaehollandiae)[J]. Waterbirds, 32(1):157-161.
Shao MQ, Shi WJ, Zeng BB, et al. 2014. Diving behavior of scaly-sided merganser, Mergus squamatus in Poyang Lake watershed, China[J]. 46(1):284-287.
Simpson K, Day N. 2004. Field guide to the birds of Australia[M]. London:Christopher Helm Publishers Ltd:56.
Stolen ED, Collazo JA, Percival HF. 2012.Group-foraging effects on capture rate in wading birds[J]. The Condor, 114(4):744-754.
White CR, Butler PJ, Gremillet D, et al. 2008. Behavioural strategies of cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae) foraging under challenging light conditions[J]. Journal of Avian Science, 150(s1):231-239.
Zhou B, Zhou LZ, Chen JY, et al. 2010. Diurnal time-activity budgets of wintering hooded cranes (Grus monacha) in Shengjin Lake, China[J]. Waterbirds, 33(1):110-115.
读者评论

      读者ID: 密码:   
我要评论:
国内统一连续出版物号:51-1193/Q |国际标准出版物号:1000-7083
主管单位:四川省科学技术协会  主办单位:四川省动物学会/成都大熊猫繁育研究基金会/四川省野生动植物保护协会/四川大学
开户银行:中国工商银行四川分行营业部东大支行(工行成都东大支行营业室)  帐户名:四川省动物学会  帐号:4402 2980 0900 0012 596
版权所有©2019四川动物》编辑部 蜀ICP备08107403号-3
您是本站第7580609名访问者

川公网安备 51010702000173号