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广西地区罗非鱼外寄生车轮虫的形态分类学及多样性研究
Studies on the Taxonomy and Biodiversity of Ectoparasitic Trichodinids from Cultured Tilapia in Guangxi
姜艳妍, 赵元莙, 唐发辉*
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作者单位:重庆师范大学生命科学学院, 动物生物学重庆市重点实验室, 重庆 401331
中文关键字:广西;罗非鱼;车轮虫;新纪录;形态分类学;多样性
英文关键字:Guangxi; tilapia; trichodinid; new record; morphologic taxonomy; biodiversity
中文摘要:采用活体观察、吉姆萨与干银法染色等技术,运用国际间统一特定方法及齿体定位描述法对采自广西地区的罗非鱼(单性鱼吉富、奥尼系列)的外寄生车轮虫进行详细的形态分类学与多样性研究,研究结果共计获得车轮虫属2种,拟车轮虫属与三分虫属各1种,分别为:刺纹车轮虫Trichodina centrostrigata Basson et al.,1983、异齿车轮虫Trichodina heterodentata Duncan,1977、非洲拟车轮虫Paratrichodina africana Kazubski & El-Tantawy,1986与直齿三分虫Tripartiella orthodens Basson & Van As,1987。其中,非洲拟车轮虫为中国新纪录,刺纹车轮虫和直齿三分虫为中国广西地区新纪录。非洲拟车轮虫表现出寄主和寄生部位的专一性;进一步应用SPSS统计软件对非洲拟车轮虫进行了种群差异性分析。
英文摘要:Living observation, Giemsa stain and dry silver impregnation method were adopted in combine with the International Unified Specific method and the denticle position description methods to study the taxonomy and diversity of trichodininds from cultured Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus) along the area of Guangxi. A total of four trichodinids of three genera (Trichodina, Paratrichodina and Tripartiella) subjected to the family Trichodinidae was obtained, and they were Trichodina centrostrigata Basson et al., 1983, Trichodina heterodentata Duncan, 1977, Paratrichodina africana Kazubski & El-Tantawy, 1986 and Tripartiella orthodens Basson & Van As, 1987. Among these species, P. africana was first recorded in China. T. centrostrigata and T. orthodens were first recorded in Guangxi. P. africana was found to be specific to the host and parasitic site. The SPSS statistical software was further applied to conduct the difference analysis on the populations of P. africana.
2015,34(4): 584-593 收稿日期:2015-1-7
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.04.018
分类号:Q958.9
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No.31172068,No.31471980); 重庆市科委项目(No.cstc2010CA1010, No.cstc2014jcyjA80008); 重庆市教委项目(No.KJ1400530)
作者简介:姜艳妍(1990—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为鱼类寄生虫学
*通讯作者:唐发辉,E-mail:trichodina@126.com
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