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草地螟成虫体表鳞片的类型、位置和超微形态结构特征
The Category, Location and Ultrastructure of Scales of Adult Loxostege sticticalis L.(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
刘科科1,2, 肖永红1,2, 程云霞1, 罗礼智1*
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作者单位:1. 中国农业科学院植物保护研究所, 植物病虫害生物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100193;
2. 井冈山大学生命科学学院, 江西吉安 343009
中文关键字:草地螟;鳞片;超微结构
英文关键字:Loxostege sticticalis L.; scale; ultrastructure
中文摘要:草地螟成虫体表具有多种鳞片,这些鳞片是其远距离迁飞和适应复杂环境的必要结构保障。按结构特征分为薄片型和长毛型。薄片型鳞片为卵圆形、刀片形,包括腹后鳞簇、锯齿鳞、竹片形鳞和形成胸锁的钩形鳞;长毛型鳞片横截面为圆形,包括后翅内缘毛和腹后毛刷。超微结构表明,体表鳞片由纵脊、横肋、窗孔、内腔和乳突组成;鳞片基部由毛囊包裹;钩形鳞具有特殊的弯钩状尖端;腹后鳞簇具有特殊的乳突结构;后翅内缘毛和腹后毛刷具有特殊的窗孔结构。这些由体表细胞分化的鳞片在草地螟成虫身体各部承担着不同的生物学功能,其超微结构的研究可为其形态学、行为学及自身进化研究方面提供一些理论依据。
英文摘要:There were many kinds of scales located on adult Loxostege sticticalis, and these scales were vital for the long-distance migration and adaption to variable complex habitats. These scales could be classified into two categories by the structural characters: lamella and piliform. The lamellar scales were ovate or blade-like in cross section, such as serrated scales, spatulate scales, abdominal scale tufts and hook-shaped scales forming the thorax lock. Piliform scales were round in cross section, such as hairs along inner margin of hindwing and ventroposterior brush. The analysis of ultrastructure showed that the scale was consisted of several basic structures including longitudinal ridges, cross ribs, windows, lumen and mastoid process. All of these scales fitted into a socket, and involved some specific structures such as the particular hook bending tip of the hook-shaped scales, the mastoid process of abdominal scale tufts, and windows in hairs along inner margin of hindwing and ventroposterior brush. These scales developing from the epidermal cells born the various biological functions on adult body of L. sticticalis. In conclusion, the examination of scale ultrastructure may provide theoretical basis for the morphological, behavioral and evolutionary research.
2015,34(4): 524-533 收稿日期:2014-11-5
DOI:10.11984/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.04.008
分类号:Q969.42
基金项目:公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201303057); 国家自然科学基金项目(31301656); 国家国际科技合作专项(2014DFR31250); 中国博士后科学基金第49批面上项目(20110490485)
作者简介:刘科科,男,硕士,初级实验师,研究方向:农业昆虫与害虫防治和蜘蛛生态学,E-mail:liukeke_1986@126.com
*通讯作者:罗礼智,E-mail:lzluo@ippcaas.cn
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